Future Generations, Privatizing Prisons, Returning Goods, and More
Q&A Radio: 23 March 2014
I answered questions on concern for future generations, privatizing prisons, buying and returning goods, and more on 23 March 2014. Greg Perkins of Objectivist Answers was my co-host. Listen to or download this episode of Philosophy in Action Radio below.
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Segments: 23 March 2014
Question: Should I care about future generations? People often claim that we should act for the sake of future generations, particularly regarding environmental concerns. Is that rational? Why should I care what happens to people after I am dead? Why should I work for the benefit of people who cannot possibly benefit my life and who aren't even known, let alone of value, to me?
Answer, In Brief: The interests of future generations do not conflict with our interests. That's because the requirements of human flourishing – particularly freedom and technology – are the same throughout time. Benefit yourself by securing those values now, and you'll benefit future generations too – without any sacrifice by anyone.
Question: Is running prisons a legitimate function of government or should they be privatized? Private prisons are a billion dollar industry here in the United States, but should they be left to private companies or should the government handle them instead?
Answer, In Brief: Privately-run prisons may be more effective and cheaper than government-run prisons – or not. Prisons aren't inherently a function of government, although the government must oversee them and set standards, at the very least.
Question: Is it wrong to buy goods with the intent to return them? A friend of mine will often buy jewelry from large department stores for events, knowing that she'll likely return the items. (Sometimes, however, she'll keep an item even when she thought she'd return it.) She returns the goods undamaged and soon after buying. She asked me what I thought of the morality of her actions. In my opinion, she's acting morally because she's not committing fraud. The stores in question have liberal return policies ("if you are unhappy for whatever reason..."). They must know that some of their customers might do what she's doing and think that allowing it is good for business. Is that right?
Answer, In Brief: Your friend is abusing generous return policies. She's not acting as an honest trader, but as a devious exploiter. That embodies a wholly wrong approach to morality that I hope she rethinks her actions.
Rapid Fire Questions (42:18)
- Why do people differ so much in their taste in movies?
- If a person stumbles upon data (say, logins and passwords) without hacking, it is morally and legally wrong to use that data?
- Is it morally worse for a mother to abandon her child than for a father to do the same?
- Why did you choose philosophy over programming?
- Should college athletes be paid? Doesn't the current system exploit them?
- My mother believes she is clairvoyant, and she laughs when I try to explain away her 'premonitions.' How can I convince her she is not psychic?
- My significant other is generally uninterested and/or easily frustrated by philosophy. Is there any way to help a person engage in rational inquiry? Is it necessary for a happy relationship?
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About Philosophy in Action
I'm Dr. Diana Brickell. I'm a philosopher specializing in the application of rational principles to the challenges of real life. I received my Ph.D in philosophy from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2009. My book, Responsibility & Luck: A Defense of Praise and Blame, is available for purchase in paperback and Kindle. The book defends the justice of moral praise and blame of persons using an Aristotelian theory of moral responsibility, thereby refuting Thomas Nagel's "problem of moral luck."
My radio show, Philosophy in Action Radio, broadcasts live over the internet on most Sunday mornings and some Thursday evenings. On Sunday mornings, I answer questions applying rational principles to the challenges of real life in a live hour-long show. Greg Perkins of Objectivist Answers co-hosts the show. On Thursday evenings, I interview an expert guest or discuss a topic of interest.
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I can be reached via e-mail to [email protected].